All Examples Custom slider. Alternative Dropdown. Drag to reorder. Vinyl store. Details view animation. Cube transition. Sticky headers. Code input. Interactive infographic. Endless scroller. Fitness app concept. Material transition. Pan- Zoom- and RotateGesture. Custom toggle control. Material sidebar. Empty state. Parallax pages. Radio buttons. Custom transitions. Effects showcase.
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A tremendous number of radically different sorts of objects, from data storage to file format conversions to internal operating system data structures, have been mapped to the file abstraction. Oh well. The idea here is that if you can envision your interaction with an object in terms of a directory structure and filesystem operations, you can write a FUSE file system to provide that interaction.
You just write code that implements file operations like openreadand write ; when your filesystem is mounted, programs are able to access the data using the standard file operation system calls, which call your code.
The possibilities are only limited by your imagination! There are many documents on the web describing how FUSE works and how to install and use a FUSE filesystem, but I haven't come across any that try to describe how to go about actually writing one.
The goal of this tutorial is to meet what I see as a need for such a document. The filesystem simply passes every operation down to an underlying directory, but logs the operation. Audience: This tutorial is aimed at developers who have some familiarity with general programming in Linux and Unix-like operating systems in generalso you know how to untar a tarball, how Makefiles work, and so forth.
I won't be going through the details of how to perform those tasks; I'll be focussing on what you need to know that's specific to using FUSE filesystems.
I am not affiliated with the FUSE project in any way, except as a user. My descriptions of the interface to fuse, and of techniques to work with it, are a distillation of my reading of the existing documentation, and my experience working with it.
Consequently, any errors are mine and corrections are welcome! If you're interested, send me an email at joseph pfeifferfamily. My code is being released under the GPLv3.A fuse is an electrical safety device that works by protecting a circuit against over-current.
It contains a metal wire or strip that begins to melt when too much current passes through. Fuses have been used to protect components from damage and electrical fire. Now, there is an array of electronic products that use proper fuse selection to ensure maximum reliability. There is even an entire study dedicated to the fuse's main operating principles, called fuseology. The current need to blow a fuse is also referred to as fuse rating.
When a circuit is blown, current ceases to flow and the circuit is rendered safe again. Fuses are classified by the AC or DC circuit voltage they correspond to. In DC circuits, the current flows in a single direction and the voltage doesn't reach zero potential.
AC circuit voltage goes past zero potential at 50 or 60 cycles per second. There are two main types of fuse ratings: The continuous rating and the blow rating. In the first case, the continuous current doesn't usually exceed 75 percent of the fuse's rated value, whereas the blow rating fuses are marked with the current rating at which the fuse will blow.
They are usually marked at twice the value of the continuous rating.
There are several things you need to take into account when calculating fuse size. This process is essential to all electrical and electronic system designs.
As the majority of DC-DC converters use circuit-sensing current limits or thermal overload circuits to protect against short-circuits, a fuse size calculator will need to take into account the right selection of an input fuse.
This includes the voltage rating, current rating, interrupting rating, maximum circuit fault current and other mechanical considerations.
Fuses can be selected by characteristics, construction and classes. There are certain standards that manufacturers use to create a fuse, and these refer to the fuse classes in which every product must fit in.
Class CC fuses, for example, represent the non-renewable devices used for the protection of short-time overload components and non-inductive loads, as well as motor circuits. They're provided with rejection tips at the bottom and have a voltage rating of VAC.
While class G fuses are used for lighting and distribution boards, a class H fuse will be required to protect a branch circuit or even an electric oven from damage. Heather Burdo is a seasoned writer with six years of experience, including home improvement topics. Her passion is helping homeowners with tips and tricks through content. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. How to Calculate Fuse Size. Share this article.
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They meant to light the fuse on his emotions and power by taking what he cared for most. The furnaces are driven to a white heat in order to fuse the mixture and expel bubbles of gas and air.
He founded his generalization to a large extent upon the observation that in Gloeosiphonia capillaris two cells completely fuseand that only one nucleus can be detected in the fuse d mass. Intermediate somites forming a mesosoma occur, but tend to fuse superficially with the metasomatic carapace or to become co-ordinated with the somites of the metasoma, whether fuse d or distinct to form one region, the opisthosoma abdomen of authors.
It was formerly the custom to include with the Fungi the Schizomycetes or Bacteria, and the Myxomycetes or Mycetozoa; but the peculiar mode of growth and division, the cilia, spores and other peculiarities of the former, and the emission of naked amoeboid masses of protoplasm, which creep and fuse to streaming plasmodia, with special modes of nutrition and spore-formation of the latter, have led to their separation as groups of organisms independent of the true Fungi.
Of flame collectors the two best known are Lord Kelvin's portable electrometer with a fuseor F. Chastellain was no mere annalist, but proposed to fuse and shape his vast material to his own conclusions, in accordance with his political experience. These plates may fuseand yet the somites to which they belong may remain distinct, and each have its pair of appendages well developed. The interwoven hyphae fuse and branch copiously, filling up all interstices. In birds, this stalk consists entirely of blood-vessels, which in the adult enclose no terminal vesicle, and fuse with the membranous linings of the skull.
As the tube grows down the hair it maintains its own independence, and does not fuse with the contents of the root-hair, whose protoplasm remains quite distinct and separate. In Sporodinia the branches give rise also to short branches, which meet and fuse their contents to form zygospores.
In rare cases the right and left preacetabular blades fuse with each other above the spinous processes. The germination of the macrospore consists in the repeated division of its nucleus to form two groups of four, one group at each end of the embryo-sac. One nucleus from each group, the polar nucleus, passes to the centre of the sac, where the two fuse to form the so-called definitive nucleus.
The cytology of zygospore-formation is not known in detail; the so-called gametes which fuse are multinucleate and are no doubt of the nature of gametangia. The filaments arising from the carpogonia grow into long thin tubes, which fuse with special cells rich in protoplasm contents; and from these points issue isolated tufts of sporogenous filaments, several of which may form the product of one fertilized female cell. The condyles of the tibia are in reality not parts of this bone, but are the three proximal tarsalia which fuse together and with the distal end of the tibia.
In many Basidiomycetes minute branches arise below the septa; their tips curve over the outside of the latter, and fuse with the cell above just beyond it, forming a clamp-connexion. In these cases we should expect to find some reduced process of fertilization similar to that of Humaria granulata among the ordinary Ascomycetes, where in the absence of the antheridia the female nuclei fuse in pairs.
Gaps then appear in the apposed surfaces, usually at the isthmus; the entire protoplasts either pass out to melt into one another clear of the old walls, or partly pass out and fuse without complete detachment from the old walls. In the formation of sporangia two cells fuse together by means of outgrowths, in a manner very similar to that of Spirogyra; sometimes, however, the wall between two cells merely breaks down.
The cells not only fuse together in longitudinal and transverse rows, but put out transverse projections, which fuse with others of a similar nature, and thus form an anastomosing network of tubes which extends to all parts of the plant.
This and the third are much longer and fuse together at their upper and distal ends, leaving as a rule a space between the shafts. In a workman named Thomas Bolsover was mending the handle of a knife made of silver and copper, when, accidentally overheating it, he caused the metals to fuse and flow, and found that as a consequence the silver adhered to the copper as a thin coating. Before the teleutospore reaches maturity the nuclei fuseand the uninucleate condition Q C then continues again until aeci dium formation.
The colored frit thus Formed was used as paint in a wet state, and also used to dissolve Ln glass or to fuse over a surface in glazing. In the development of the ascus we find two nuclei at the base which fuse together to form the single nucleus of the young ascus.
Two pairs of invaginations of B the skin, which originally are called the prostomial and metastomial disks, grow round the intestine, finally fuse together, and form the skin and mus- cular body-wall of the future Nemertine, which afterwards becomes ciliated, frees itself from the pilidium investment and develops into the adult worm without further metamorphosis. In the former case the seaweed is burnt in large heaps, care being taken that too high a temperature is not reached, for if the ash be allowed to fuse much iodine is lost by volatilization.
As with other plants, so in fungi the essential process of fertilization consists in the fusion of two nuclei, but owing to the absence of well-marked sexual organs from many fungi, a peculiar interest attaches to certain nuclear fusions in the vegetative cells or in young spores of many forms.
Thus in Ustilagineae the chlamydospores, and in Uredineae the teleutospores, each contain two nuclei when young, which fuse as the spores mature. A sublimate may be formed of: sulphur - reddish-brown drops, cooling to a yellow to brown solid, from sulphides or mixtures; iodine - violet vapour, black sublimate, from iodides, iodic acid, or mixtures; mercury and its compounds - metallic mercury forms minute globules, mercuric sulphide is black and becomes red on rubbing, mercuric chloride fuse s before subliming, mercurous chloride does not fusemercuric iodide gives a yellow sublimate; arsenic and its compounds - metallic arsenic gives a grey mirror, arsenious oxide forms white shining crystals, arsenic sulphides give reddish-yellow sublimates which turn yellow on cooling; antimony oxide fuse s and gives a yellow acicular sublimate; lead chloride forms a white sublimate after long and intense heating.GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together.
Join them to grow your own development teams, manage permissions, and collaborate on projects. An example using the Camel HL7 component. An example of Camel's dynamic routing capabilities in routing to newly deployed OSGi bundles. Example of using Camel and Drools together. Getting Started with ActiveMQ. A set of bundles for getting started working with ServiceMix. A demo of an integration application that supports hot-deployable plugins. ServiceMix example project showing best practices.
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Develop your own filesystem with FUSE
A filesystem is that piece of software that is in charge of storing, organizing and generally taking care of data represented as files and directories. If you are using a device to read this post you are probably using at least one filesystem at the moment. There are a lot of filesystem examples built on top of FUSE out there that cover the most different use cases like:. This section of the post is designed to introduce you on how to practically get your hands dirt with FUSE.
To obtain those dependencies you can issue the following commands depending on your Linux distribution.
JBoss Fuse - Apache Camel
The libfuse library exposes a set of callbacks that you have to implement in order to tell your filesystem how to behave. The most complete source of documentation on what are the callbacks and their behavior is the fuse.
You can find an online version here. For the purpose of showing you how simple is the creation of a FUSE filesystem, I wrote this little implementation that, when mounted, only exposes a file named file and its content. I think that the best way to start your own implementation is to take an example and start adding your features. As you may know CMake is a tool used to manage project builds in a cross platform way. The scope of this file is to define what CMake is supposed to do for our project.
The getattr callback is in charge of reading the metadata of a given path, this callback is always called before any operation made on the filesystem. As you can see, we are telling FUSE that the current entry is a file or a directory using the stat struct. The open callback is called when the system requests for a file to be opened.
This callback is called when FUSE is reading data from an opened file. It should return exactly the number of bytes requested and fill the second argument buf with the content of those bytes. The readdir callback has the task of telling FUSE the exact structure of the accessed directory. The first tool we are using is CMake to check dependencies, setup environment and generate Makefiles.
The second tool we are using is makethat using the CMake generated Makefiles is now able to build our project.
The -j parts tells make to parallelize the build to all your cores, remove it if you run out of CPU. These were my 2 cents, if you are interested in seeing something from me I started a little project on GitHub to create a filesystem that can use online services via FUSE to store data.
This blog allows our developers to share tips and direct experiences with new technologies. Introduction A filesystem is that piece of software that is in charge of storing, organizing and generally taking care of data represented as files and directories.Use fuse in a sentence.
When you overload the circuit in your house by turning on too many different appliances at once and your power to the appliances you are using shuts off, the electrical device that tripped and caused the power to stop to the overloaded circuit is an example of a fuse. The little string sticking out of a bomb that you light in order to get the bomb to go off is an example of a fuse. When you weld two pieces of metal together using a torch, this is an example of when you fuse.
The definition of a fuse is an electrical safety device that can stop current from flowing if it becomes overloaded, or a device that is used to ignite an explosive device. Fuse is defined as to join together to form one, especially when joined by intense heat. YourDictionary definition and usage example. Link to this page. MLA Style "Fuse. In YourDictionary. All rights reserved.
To join different pieces or elements together physically, as by melting or heating: bits of glass fused in a kiln; atomic nuclei that are fused together inside the stars. A safety device that protects an electric circuit from excessive current, consisting of or containing a metal element that melts when current exceeds a specific amperage, thereby opening the circuit. Noun A safety device that protects an electric circuit from becoming overloaded.
Fuses contain a length of thin wire usually of a metal alloy that melts and breaks the circuit if too much current flows through it. They were traditionally used to protect electronic equipment and prevent fires, but have largely been replaced by circuit breakers. A cord of readily combustible material that is lighted at one end to carry a flame along its length to detonate an explosive at the other end.
Verb To melt something, such as metal or glass, by heating. To blend two or more substances by melting. Noun plural fuses also fuze in US A cord that, when lit, conveys the fire to some explosive device. A device to prevent the overloading of an electrical circuit. Indicating a tendency to lose one's temper. When talking about being laid off, he has a short fuse. Verb third-person singular simple present fuses, present participle fusing, simple past and past participle fused To melt together; to blend ; to mix indistinguishably.
To furnish with or install a fuse.